InterVarsity Christian Fellowship v. Wayne State University
The InterVarsity Christian Fellowship student group on Michigan’s Wayne State University has been on campus for over 75 years, holding Bible studies, hosting discussions on important campus issues, and providing a community for all students. Its goal has always been to provide a place where students can grow both their minds and their faith. And to achieve that goal, InterVarsity has always asked its leaders to share its faith. Yet in 2017, Wayne State officials suddenly decided that it was “discriminatory” for a religious group to require its leaders to embrace its faith, and so cancelled all of InterVarsity’s meetings and kicked it off campus.
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A welcome addition for 75 years
The InterVarsity student group on Wayne State campus began in the 1940s as one of the first InterVarsity chapters in the United States. It provided a place for students to come together and share their faith. Over the years, it has hosted campus discussions on issues like human trafficking, helped clean up blighted neighborhoods in Detroit, and volunteered at the campus food pantry.
Most of all, it has created a thriving community of students who come together for Bible study, worship, friendship and support during their college careers. This is particularly important at Wayne State, since it is a commuter campus and many students can struggle to find a place where they belong.
InterVarsity stands up to religious discrimination
In 2017, InterVarsity applied to renew its student organization status, a renewal the students thought would be automatic. Instead, the Dean of Students’ office told them that their chapter constitution was unacceptable. According to Wayne State, InterVarsity did not meet the necessary requirements because its leadership requirement was “discriminatory”. The group was baffled. Asking leaders to share its faith was a matter of basic integrity and was an absolute necessity to remaining a Christian group. And it had never been an issue in the prior 75 years on campus. Further, student membership is open to all, and all are invited to group events. Yet in October 2017, Wayne State abruptly derecognized the group and canceled all its existing meeting reservations.
Meanwhile, the University recognizes more than 400 student groups, and allows them to select their leaders. The Secular Student Alliance can require leaders to be secularists, Students for Life can require its members to be pro-life, and more than a dozen fraternities and sororities can limit membership to one sex. These requirements are normal and acceptable, yet the school blatantly discriminates against InterVarsity by barring it from having the same ability to select leaders who share and live by its mission. In fact, by specifically targeting religious groups, Wayne State is violating its own policy against religious discrimination—in addition to the First Amendment.
With Becket’s help, on March 6, 2018, the student group sued Wayne State University to protect their right to be treated like other groups and select leaders who share its faith and mission.
After Becket took Wayne State to court, the school relented and reinstated InterVarsity on campus. Now the University is asking a federal court to give it the power to kick the group off campus any time. So in June 2018, Becket filed two briefs seeking a permanent fix to the school’s discriminatory policy, which allows more than 90 student groups to choose leaders who agree with them – but not InterVarsity. In July 2018, InterVarsity dropped its lawsuit against Michigan Governor Richard Snyder and Attorney General Bill Schuette after they acknowledged that Michigan universities must respect the rights of religious student groups to choose their own leaders.
Oral argument has been scheduled for July 10, 2019.